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5 Must-Have Components For a Well-Balanced Diet


A healthy and well-balanced diet is suitable for both physical and psychological health. Following a well-balanced diet and some components of it can reduce the risk of having chronic diseases. Besides getting pleasant emotions from food and enjoying the taste, we need to remember that food is also a source of vital nutrients, vitamins, and energy. Not all foods are bad or good. It’s about the balance of it that we need to maintain. So the choice of daily healthy food and the tradition of a well-balanced diet will reflect your body only in a positive way.

A well-balanced diet is about getting specific proportions of every food group that will provide our body with the right nutrition for the body’s proper function. There are five must-have components for a well-balanced diet that will lead to a healthy body and mind.

1.  Vitamins and Minerals

Vitamins and Minerals are micronutrients that are vital for our body’s proper functioning and healthy condition. They support metabolic processes, are responsible for strong bones and teeth, help muscle and nerve functions, and are considered a source of energy and brain work.

Each vitamin and mineral has its function for the body. You can find vitamins in minerals, mostly in fresh fruits and vegetables that contain a high “dose” of Vitamin C. Also, rabbit meat is an excellent source of vitamins and minerals (Vitamin B3 and B12). Thus, it has a well-balanced dose of vitamins and minerals for daily dietary and nutritional requirements.

2.  Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates provide our bodies with a significant amount of energy. It gives power in the form of glucose which enriches our brain and muscles with strength. There are simple and complex carbohydrates, so the complex is the healthy ones that our body needs. Therefore, choose appropriately from the complex carbs and include them in your well-balanced diet, such as brown rice, whole grains-wheat, fruits, vegetables, etc.

3.  Protein

Proteins are made up of amino acids, which create block cells in our body. Protein is responsible for making new cells and repairing the old ones. It’s vital during growth and development during life, especially for children when their bones, muscles, and tissues are being formulated. In addition, protein boosts the immune system and protects the body from viruses and bacteria. Dairy products like milk, curd, and nuts, eggs, fish, and meat are a source of protein that must be included in a daily diet with balanced proportions. According to PubMed research, processed and red meats may increase the risk of cancer and other diseases.

 4.  Fats

Fats are also considered a great energy source, and 35% of daily calories should contain fats. Fats are responsible for the absorption of vitamins in our bodies and protect internal organs. But using too many fats can be harmful and not healthy. Healthy or unsaturated fats are contained in chicken, eggs, nuts, and others. Be aware of using products that contain saturated fats such as pork, butter, cream.

5.  Water

You can forget about a healthy and well-balanced diet if you don’t drink water. Water is a vital nutritional product for our body, which helps metabolic functions to become easier, it regulates body temperature, and removes toxins from your body. It’s an individual thing the daily amount of drinking water considering the personal needs, the level of activity, age and other individual factors. But it will be perfect to drink about 7-8 glasses of water a day. 


Protein has a significant role in your body, and it implements many vital functions and activities. For example, it keeps the immune system healthy, formulates solid muscles and tissues, helps the metabolic processes, and protects from viruses by creating strong immunity. So it will be perfect for your health to consume healthy food, keep physical activity and be attentive not to catch harmful diseases.