There are many different types of discriminations that people can and are subject to on a daily basis within the workplace throughout the United States of America. Some of the most common types are listed below.
Due to the 1964 Civil Rights Act, a person cannot be discriminated against by an employer because of their personal religious beliefs. In addition to this, employers are also expected to accommodate the religious beliefs and practices of their employees where they are reasonably able to. If doing so would create some sort of hardship for the employer then they are excused from making this accommodation.
Implemented in 1967, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act protects a person who is under the age of 40 years from being discriminated against braces of their age. It is unlawful for any employer to discriminate against any of their employees based on their age in regards to employment privilege, conditions, or terms.
Sexual orientation discrimination
No person can be discriminated against for purposes of employment based upon their sexual orientation or gender identity. This is covered by the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
The 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which was brought into law by the president at the time, George Bush, offers a good range of civil rights to any person in the country that has a disability of any sort. It means that private businesses, as well as government agencies, at both local and state level cannot discriminate against a disabled person if they are qualified for the role and are able to perform it with reasonable adjustments made.
Parental status discrimination
As of 2000, it has been illegal to discriminate a person based upon their parental status, i.e. whether they have children or not. A parent is a person who cares for anyone under the age of 18 years old, so includes step parents, foster parents, in loco parentis, and legal guardians.
National origin discrimination
It is against the law to discriminate against any person and dismiss them from their job solely based upon their culture, their accent, their ancestry, or where in the world they were born. These rights are protected as part of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
There is the Pregnancy Discrimination Act and this prevents discrimination by an employer based on pregnancy status, childbirth, or any medical conditions that occur as a result of earther pregnancy or childbirth. Where a person is for a short while unable to perform their job, then they must be treated like any other employee who temporarily becomes disabled, by, for example, modifying the work that they are required to do.
If you believe that you have been a victim of discrimination within the workplace by your employer then you may want to seek legal advise from a trained expert who will be able to advise exactly if you have been subject to discrimination and if you have grounds to take them to court for their actions.
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