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How to tell correlation and regression apart


Even though we’ve all heard the expression “correlation does not indicate causation,” what precisely does it mean?

It is necessary to examine the metrics of correlation and regression, which are two types of statistical analysis metrics. It is possible to establish the relationships between two variables, measure them, and make judgments using their methods in statistical analysis. 

It is common practice in a range of businesses, and it is also evident in our everyday lives to do their analyses. As an illustration, have you ever seen someone drive a strong automobile and assumed that the driver was wealthy? If yes, tell me about it. 

Perhaps you would like to conceive of it as a positive feedback loop: the more time spent jogging in the morning, the more weight you will lose.

Real-life examples can be seen in both of these situations since you are looking at one variable (a luxury automobile or a lengthy exercise) and then examining if there is any direct relationship between the two variables (being wealthy or losing weight). When examining the associations between two variables, it is critical to understand the distinctions between correlation and regression.

Keep reading to understand the difference between Correlation Vs Regression.

What exactly is correlation?

When you hear the word “correlation,” you’re thinking of the combination of the phrases “co” (which means together) and “relation,” which signifies a relationship. An instant or delayed change in one variable is followed by an immediate or delayed change in the other. This is what is meant by correlation in this situation. This means the variables are uncorrelated when one changes without having any influence on the other. This approach measures the connection between two variables in the simplest words possible.

  • A correlation chart, often known as a scatter diagram, makes it easy to observe the relationship between two variables on a visual representation. 
  • In a correlation chart, each piece of information is represented by a single point. 
  • Correlation shows a variety of points from a single piece of data.

Consider the concept of correlation to be similar to real-life occurrences. As an example, it may be in the best interests of your organization to investigate if there is a predicted link between the sale of a product and elements such as advertising, weather,  and consumer income. 

Let’s look at correlation from the perspective of marketing, in addition to the pricing and demand examples provided above, to determine the strength of a link between the two variables.

What exactly is regression?

Regression is a statistical technique that uses the average mathematical relationship between two or more variables to estimate the change in the metric dependent variable as a result of changes in one or more independent variables. Regression is used to estimate the change in the metric dependent variable as a result of changes in one or more independent variables. In many human activities, it is essential because it is a very strong and adaptable instrument that can be used to predict past events, present situations, and future occurrences depending on previous or current events. IFor example, in the case of a firm, it is possible to forecast future profits based on historical data.

Correlation is a statistical measure of the degree of a link between two variables. Because correlation is totally symmetrical, the correlation between two variables A and B is the same as the correlation between two variables B and A. A relational relationship between a pair of variables indicates that when one changes by a particular amount, the other changes on average by the same amount. The increased height is, on average, related to increased anatomical dead space in the children who were previously characterized. If y is the dependent variable and x is the independent variable, then this connection is referred to as the regression of y on x (or simply regression).

Correlation Vs Regression

This table points out the differences between correlation and regression in concise:

MeaningThe statistical metric of correlation reveals whether two variables are associated or co-related.An independent variable may be quantitatively related to the dependent one using regression analysis.
UsageIn order to depict a straight line connecting two variables.A good way to estimate one variable is to fit the best line across it.
Dependent and Independent variablesThe difference is negligible.It’s important to note that the two variables are distinct.
IndicatesIn other words, it shows how closely two variables move together.An example of regression would be to see how a shift in the estimated variable (y) affects the known variable (x).
ObjectiveTo determine the connection between two variables numerically.Using the values of fixed variables to estimate random variable values.


Correlation and regression have major distinctions that must be understood.


  • When using regression, you may determine how changes in x influence change in y and then see how the findings alter when those two variables are switched. If you use correlation, any two variables, x, and y will provide the same results.
  • Regression is the whole equation with all of the data points represented by a line, while correlation is a single statistic or data point.
  • Regression helps us to observe how one variable influences the other while correlation indicates the link between the two variables.
  • Regression data reveals a cause-and-effect relationship, showing that the other does too when one changes, but not necessarily in the same manner. The variables move together when there is a correlation.


In conclusion, there is a significant difference between correlation analysis and regression analysis.

Correlation and regression are two types of analyses that are based on the distribution of several variables. When describing the type of connection and the strength of the link between two continuous quantitative variables, they may be utilized as a tool.

Although correlation and regression are both mathematical concepts being studied simultaneously, it is clear from the above explanation that there is a significant difference between the two mathematical concepts in question. Correlation is used when a researcher wants to discover whether or not the variables under investigation are connected, and if they are, how strong the link between them is. Pearson’s correlation coefficient is often regarded as the most accurate correlation metric available. In regression analysis, a functional connection between two variables is formed in order to generate future forecasts about occurrences based on those variables.